Cohesion and Coherence: An Analysis of the Students’ Narrative Writings

  • Egi Dwi Putra Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
  • Heri Samudra Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
  • Ani Susanti Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
Keywords: Cohesion; coherence, Narrative


The research was conducted to analyze cohesion and coherence used on 20 student’s narrative writing in SMAN 4 Praya. Descriptive qualitative method used in this research by collecting data from students narrative writing assignments. Then, classifying the findings by using the theory introduced by Halliday and Hasan (1976). The results obtained from the data were: (a) grammatical cohesion; reference 61.09%, substitution 13.53%, ellipsis 04.88%, and conjunction 26.50%; 2) lexical cohesion; repetition 72%, synonym 18%, and collocation 10%. (b) the students’ produced coherence of the narratives; the development of themes and generic structure. The data shows that students were able to organize their ideas cohesively and coherently. It is evident that the students’ writing ability was sufficiently developed by using cohesion and coherence devices.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahmad, A. H. (2010). Students’ Problems with Cohesion and Coherence in EFL Essay Writing in Egypt: Different Perspectives. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal, Volume 1, issue 4. December 2010.
Akinwamide, T.K. (2018). Enhanced Collaborative Teaching Method on The Performance of Students in Essay Writing Task. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute–Journal, 1(3) 84-90.
Ayub, S. (2013). An analysis of the cohesion and coherence of students’ English writings at the second grade of SMAN 1 Labuapi West Lombok. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha.
Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2005). Kurikulum 2004 Standar Kompetensi Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Sekolah Menengah Pertama: Jakarta.
Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English. London, UK: Longman Group Ltd.
Harmer, J. (2004). How to teach writing. England, UK: Pearson Education ESL.
Hasanah, I. N. (2017). A cohesion and coherence on students’ exposition writing. Tugas Akhir Program sarjana. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah. Jakarta.
Hwang and William R. M. (1992). Language in context: Essays for Robert E. Longacre, 577-592. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
Kane, T.S. (2000). The Oxford Essential Guide to Writing. New York: The Berkley Publishing Group.
McCarthy, Michael. (1991). Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Olshtain, Elite. (2001). Functional Tasks for Mastering the Mechanics of Writing and Going Just Beyond. In Marianne Celce Murcia (Ed), Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (pp. 207-232). Thomson Learning. Inc: United States of America.
Sarwani, Ahmad. (2015). Narrative Text Sebagai Sumber Belajar Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk Menumbuhkan Nilai Moral Peserta Didik. Lingua, 12(2) 243-254.
Sugiyono. (2011). Metode penelitian pendidikan. Jakarta, DKI: Alfabeta.
Sulistyo, I. (2013). An Analysis of Generic Structure of Narrative Text Written by the Tenth Year Students of SMA Yasiha Gu. ETERNAL, 4(2) 169-181.
Sutama, I. (1979). Perkembangan Koherensi Tulisan Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Malang: Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan.
How to Cite
Putra, E., Samudra, H., & Susanti, A. (2022, January 31). Cohesion and Coherence: An Analysis of the Students’ Narrative Writings. Acitya: Journal of Teaching and Education, 4(1), 16-24. DOI:
Language Teaching, Literature, Linguistic & English for Specific Purpose