The Effect of TPS vs NHT Teaching Methods on Math Learning Outcomes and Motivation

  • Budi Wahjuningsih Universitas PGRI Adibuana Surabaya
  • Achmad Noor Fatirul Universitas PGRI Adibuana Surabaya
  • Djoko Adi Walujo Universitas PGRI Adibuana Surabaya
Keywords: Mathematics learning outcomes, NHT method, student motivation, TPS method


This quasi-experimental study investigated the impact of the Think-Pair-Share (TPS) and Numbered Heads Together (NHT) teaching methods on mathematics learning outcomes and student motivation at SMKN 2 Kota Madiun and SMKN 5 Kota Madiun. The results showed that the experimental groups taught using the TPS method achieved significantly higher mathematics learning outcomes compared to the control groups taught using the NHT method (F = 18.522, p < 0.001). Additionally, students with high learning motivation demonstrated better academic performance than those with low motivation (F = 100.93, p < 0.001). An interaction effect was observed between the teaching method and learning motivation, indicating that the combination of teaching method and motivation significantly influenced mathematics learning outcomes (F = 4.294, p = 0.040). These findings highlight the effectiveness of the TPS method in improving mathematics learning outcomes and emphasize the importance of considering student motivation in instructional design. Further research is needed to explore the long-term effects of these teaching methods in different educational contexts and student populations, providing valuable insights into enhancing mathematics education.


Download data is not yet available.


Al Said, R. S., Du, X., ALKhatib, H. A. H. M., Romanowski, M. H., & Barham, A. I. I. (2019). Math teachers’ beliefs, practices, and belief change in implementing Problem Based Learning in Qatari Primary Governmental school. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 15(5).

Apriyanti, D., & Ayu, M. (2020). Think-Pair-Share: Engaging Students in Speaking Activities in Classroom. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 1(1), 13–19.

Davis, E. K., Ntow, F. D., & Beccles, C. (2022). Factors Influencing Ghanaian Public Junior High School Students’ Performance in English Language, Mathematics and Science and its Implications on the National Policy on Progression. SAGE Open, 12(3).

Freeman, B. (2012). Using digital technologies to redress inequities for English language learners in the English speaking mathematics classroom. Computers & Education, 59(1), 50–62.

Hidayati, D., Novianti, H., Khansa, M., Slamet, J., & Suryati, N. (2023). Effectiveness Project-Based Learning in ESP Class: Viewed from Indonesian Students’ Learning Outcomes. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 13(3), 558–565.

Holmes, V.-L., & Hwang, Y. (2016). Exploring the effects of project-based learning in secondary mathematics education. The Journal of Educational Research, 109(5), 449–463.

J. Priyanto Widodo, Lailatul Musyarofah, J. S. (2022). Developing a Moodle-based learning management system (LMS) for slow learners. Jurnal Inspirasi Pendidikan, 12(1), 1–10.

Kurnia, V. T., Damayani, A. T., & Kiswoyo, K. (2019). Keefektifan Model Pembelajaran Number Head Together (NHT) Berbantu Media Puzzle Terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar, 3(2), 192.

Kusuma, A. P., & Maskuroh, M. (2018). The Differences of Mathematics Learning Outcomes between Think Pair Share (TPS) and Number Heads Together (NHT). Al-Jabar: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 9(1), 19.

Lumbantoruan, J. H. (2022). Further insight into Student Learning Outcomes of Derivative Materials: Numbered Head Together and Expository Learning Model. Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, 4(2), 135–145.

Malasari, S., Kurniawati, L. A., & Martanti, I. F. R. (2021). Students’ Perceptions on the Implementation of Blended Learning in English for Mathematics. Metathesis: Journal of English Language, Literature, and Teaching, 4(3), 292.

Muryanti, M. (2017). Penerapan Strategi Kooperatif NHT dan TPS dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Ditinjau dari Adversity Quotient Siswa SMP. Manajemen Pendidikan, 12(1), 85–95.

Mustami, M. K., & Safitri, D. (2018a). The Effects of Numbered Heads Together-Assurance Relevance Interest Assessment Satisfaction on Students’ Motivation. International Journal of Instruction, 11(3), 123–134.

Mustami, M. K., & Safitri, D. (2018b). The Effects of Numbered Heads Together-Assurance Relevance Interest Assessment Satisfaction on Students’ Motivation. International Journal of Instruction, 11(3), 123–134.

Natalia, D., Mustapa, K., & Ratman, R. (2019). Effect of Application Cooperative Learning Model of Think-Pair-share (TPS) and Means –End Analysis (MEA) Types on Students Learning Outcomes of Tenth Grade on Redox Material at SMA Negeri 7 Palu. Jurnal Akademika Kimia, 8(4), 184–190.

Priyono, P. (2022). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Think Pair Share Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Geografi. SOCIAL: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPS, 1(3), 219–227.

Raba, A. A. A. (2017). The Influence of Think-Pair-Share (TPS) on Improving Students’ Oral Communication Skills in EFL Classrooms. Creative Education, 08(01), 12–23.

Slamet, J., & Fatimah, S. (2022). Quizizz Application-Based English Learning Materials Assessment Instrument Development. In International Conference on Art, Design, Education and Cultural Studies (ICADECS) (Vol. 4, No. 1).

Sudewiputri, M. P., & Dharma, I. M. A. (2021). Model Pembelajaran Numbered Heads Together (NHT) Terhadap Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar IPA. Jurnal Pedagogi Dan Pembelajaran, 4(3), 427.

Viriana. (2022). Exploring the Effectiveness of Think-Pair-Share Approach in Teaching Comparative Degree to Junior High School Grade 8 Students. P-SEMART JOURNAL, 2(3), 62–71. Retrieved from

Waswa, D. W. (2020). The Effects and Implications of The Use of English as a Medium of Instruction in Mathematics on Thai Learners. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 7(2).

Wati, N. K. S., & Suarni, N. K. (2020). Social Studies Learning with Numbered Head Together Model Improves Learning Outcomes Viewed from Student Learning Motivation. International Journal of Elementary Education, 4(2), 244.

Widodo, J. P., & Slamet, J. (2022). Developing LMS Through Moodle in Teaching ‘Article Writing for Journal’ for Post Graduate Students. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Education and Technology (ICETECH 2021), 22–25.

Wijaya, T. T., Cao, Y., Weinhandl, R., & Tamur, M. (2022). A meta-analysis of the effects of E-books on students’ mathematics achievement. Heliyon, 8(6), e09432.

Wulandari, T. (2021). Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Think Pair Share Untuk Meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar Matematika Pada Materi Program Linear. Absis: Mathematics Education Journal, 2(1), 18.
How to Cite
Wahjuningsih, B., Fatirul, A., & Walujo, D. (2023, July 6). The Effect of TPS vs NHT Teaching Methods on Math Learning Outcomes and Motivation. Acitya: Journal of Teaching and Education, 5(2), 460-476. DOI:
Educational Studies, Classroom Action Research, & Physical Education